How has art in Saudi Arabia been influenced by Western art? How have Saudi artists been affected by modern art?

 How has art in Saudi Arabia been influenced by Western art? How have Saudi artists been affected by modern art?

The influence of art in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia:

Art in Saudi Arabia has been influenced by Western art in several ways. One of the most obvious is that the country's artists were inspired by Western artists, and vice versa. For example, Nasser's painting "A Red Dream" was based on a work by Picasso, and his work "Taqwa" is a tribute to Rembrandt's "Turkish Bath". Other artists such as Muhammad al-Buraimi and Muhammad al-Fassi also drew inspiration from Western art.

Despite this, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was not very influenced by Western art compared to other countries, on the contrary, it was closer to its culture, which led to some minor influences as a medium. opening in agreement with the Saudi Islamic State. , including certain artistic movements or engineering methods... The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has a large number of Muslims, as well as many foreigners who live and work there. When it comes to Western art, Saudi Arabia hasn't been very receptive to it because they believe very strongly in their religion.

Art in Saudi Arabia is generally created for use in public spaces such as mosques and palaces, so it is often less ornate and more realistic than other types of art such as painting or sculpture. However, there are still artists who create works especially for private viewing or exhibitions in galleries around the world (like these beautiful works by Abdullah Al-Sabil).

How has the art of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia been influenced by Western art:

Architecture in Saudi Arabia is heavily influenced by Islamic design. The ceiling tiles consist of geometric patterns that mimic the pattern on a peacock's tail feathers. These tiles were used in religious ceremonies such as those of Ramadan and other holy days. Saudi art also borrowed heavily from European art during this period. This can be seen in paintings and sculptures inspired by European works such as Guernica by Pablo Picasso and La Danse by Henri Matisse (1903).

Art in the Middle East has been influenced by Western art in many ways. The first is that some of the artists who came to Saudi Arabia trained in Europe. This also resulted in a great influence of European art, which was then brought home to be used as inspiration for local artists. Early Saudi artists were influenced by the works of these French artists, who introduced them to different styles of painting such as Impressionism and Expressionism. This is why you will see that many paintings in Saudi Arabia today have a very distinct style compared to other countries in the Middle East.

How Saudi artists were influenced by modern art:

Saudi Arabia has a rich art history and the influence of Western art is evident in many of its works. In 1871, King Abdulaziz ordered the construction of a new national museum on the grounds of Qasr al-Nil. His plan was to fill the museum with his own collection of artifacts, which would include everything from ancient statues and sculptures to paintings by European artists. However, since he did not wish to offend the West by exhibiting his works alongside his, he decided not to include European paintings in the collection.

Instead, he commissioned three Egyptian painters Ahmed Zaki Pasha (1867-1934), Ahmed Bey El-Gazzar (1855-1927), and Saad Zaghloul (1870-1962) to create new works for display in the new museum. They were all trained at the American Academy in Cairo and received commissions from King Abdulaziz himself for their work on this project. The result can be seen today in the paintings of these artists and in other works on display at the National Museum of Saudi Arabia that were influenced by Western art movements such as Impressionism or Post-Impressionism.

The first exhibition in the country took place in 1913 and was organized by the Ministry of Education. The exhibition opens with an orchestra of Parisian musicians who have emigrated to Mecca. The show was followed by a series of paintings that showed the diversity of styles and techniques of local artists. Saudi art has been influenced by Western art, but not in the same way as the rest of the world.

While the rest of the world's artists tried to capture their experiences with Impressionism and Post-Impressionism, Saudi artists were more influenced by Realism. The most prevalent style in Saudi Arabia today is known as "modern art", which means "new art". The style was first established in France in the early 20th century and became very popular with artists across Europe. In fact, many famous painters of this era trained in Paris at the Académie Julian.

Another style that was very popular in Saudi Arabia at this time was "abstract art", which refers to any type of artwork that does not contain human figures or animals. Artists like Pablo Picasso used this technique when creating their own works of art.

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