What is outsider art? Art brut, its origins, its pioneers and its characteristics, art brut, brutal art

 What is outsider art? Art brut, its origins, its pioneers and its characteristics, art brut, brutal art

What is outsider art?

Art brut is an artistic style originating from France. Also known as “undisciplined” or “untrained” art. It was launched by the French artist Jean Dubuffet. , who believed that this type of art was more authentic than others because it came from the unconscious and did not intend to be an artistic endeavor; Rather, it was an expression of the artist's inner self. The term "outsider art" was originally used to refer to the spontaneous writing of a young child, but has since expanded to include works created by people who do not have artistic training.

Outsider art is a term used to refer to the works of prisoners, the mentally ill and the insane. The term was first used in the 19th century by the French psychiatrist Philippe Pinel. He believed that because these people were often unable to express themselves properly through language, they created art that was more honest than their usual work. Refers to paintings, drawings and sculptures made by non-artists for no known reason. The fact is that these works are often very elementary, without constructive purpose and without clear message.

Origins and pioneers of raw art:

In 1897, French writer and poet Guillaume Apollinaire coined the term “art brut,” which he defined as “the work of a partially disassembled mind.” In his essay “On the Genealogy of Metaphor,” he argued that artists whose works are not considered “rational” or “rational” should be considered part of this new category called monstrous art.

These works are often created by people placed in institutions, children and adults. There are in fact several artists known as “Art Brut”, including Henri Rousseau (1755-1810) and Paul Gauguin (1848-1903). Both artists were members of the Parisian artistic community, but neither had formal training in art. Rousseau was a well-known painter of historical scenes and figures. Gauguin was a painter of exotic landscapes and nudes. In addition to these two famous artists, there is also the work of French artist Jean Dubuffet (1887-1985), described as a leader in “wildlife art.”

Wild artists painted what they saw, without any restrictions or rules. Many of these artists have been forgotten, but some became famous through their work, including Marcel Duchamp and Jean Dubuffet. Outsider art is characterized by its "unrefined" execution, often characterized by the use of broken or pencil-like objects and scribbles in a disorganized, free-form manner. This style has been documented since the early 1900s, but was largely forgotten until the late 1960s, when it was rediscovered by French psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan.

It is also called "theater of the mind", because it often involves drawing pictures without a clear story or idea in mind, but instead of being random or dreamlike, some sort of story is told through images.

Here are some examples of outsider art:

  • Drawings by Marcel Duchamp
  • Drawings by Jean Dubuffet
  • Drawings by Jean Genet

Characteristics of outsider art:

Outsider art can be any form of painting, sculpture, drawing, or collage, but it is generally associated with artwork created by people with emotional or intellectual disabilities. The term “wild art” can also refer to work made by people with mental illness. Created by children or young people who experience the world in unconventional ways. Outsider art has been described as "a kind of augmented reality", with some describing it as "very original".

Fauvist art is defined as "raw" or "unfinished" art because it was produced by individuals who were largely incapable of expressing themselves in any other medium. Many of these works are very expressive, with strong emotions and themes that reflect the artist's experience. This type of artistic production, which he believed was closer to the way artists actually produced their work than to the traditional concept of "art", which he saw as based on a kind of logic or technique rather than on emotion.

French psychiatrist Emile Durkheim, who suggested that the work of mentally disabled people was "frantic" and "unaffected". The term "Fauvist art" has expanded over the years and now includes any work done by someone without formal training in drawing or design. It can also be used as a descriptive term for any non-traditional or non-commercial art form.

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