Caricature, its definition and its types, the most famous international artists and the most famous Arab artists, the relationship of caricature to Picasso

 Caricature, its definition and its types, the most famous international artists and the most famous Arab artists, the relationship of caricature to Picasso

a definition :

              Caricature is a name derived from an Italian word that carries a meaning that exaggerates something or carries it in an intolerable way. From there, the first drawings dealing with the state of society appeared and became famous, spread in France, gaining admiration, distribution and strength. , to the point that it has been classified as a type of satirical cartoon based on a subject that tries to be presented in a revisionist, comedic or critical way, whether societal or political, and the addition of a comic character makes him popular, especially among the poor. The greatest use of caricatures was in magazines and newspapers until they started having their own comic magazines, such as the French magazine Le Rire.

            What made caricature hated by the bourgeois class was that it was a force for artists, affecting the prestige, strength and grandeur of these characters and transforming them into comic relief between different classes . magazines, which helped to increase the sales of the latter and to make this type of drawing known to a wider audience, and to ensure the subsistence of the artists, even if it was full of dangers and the majority of the artists were in hiding under pseudonyms to protect their lives. , and suffered from restrictions imposed by news companies regarding the type of topics presented.

            Many of the world's most famous artists have attempted to draw caricatures, such as Claude Monet and Albert Guillaume. The most famous of these remains Picasso, who had extensive experience drawing caricatures before his great fame. This period was in its infancy and he only wanted financial profit without greater ambition, although his drawings were received with approval and exposure. Every week, unlike Picasso, there are others who had greater ambition and tried to highlight this art in a different and unique way. Among them, at present, remains Banksy, unique in his style and approach, the pillars of caricature with his definitions, including:

- Banksy is an artist whose true personality no one can know

Banksy does not have a political or social background, but instead relies on studying positions and presenting drawings that often advocate peace, justice and equality.

His drawings are caricatures, but they are not easy to make, rather you have to think about them and the idea will be extracted, and they do not carry great artistic complexity.

- He draws his drawings for the general public, not for a specific group...

-The most famous cartoonists in the world:

-Albert Guillaume

- Abel's fever

- Jules Alexandregrun

-André Gil

-Jack Abele

Types of caricature drawings:

- Realistic caricature: It's about making fun of reality and presenting it in a funny way.

- Imaginative Caricature: This involves taking an idea from reality or imagination and then glamorizing it with imaginative ideas and it can be critical or comical.

- Satirical caricature: The artist intends to make fun of everything to convey an idea or a thesis in the manner of criticism.

- Caricature drawing among the Arabs:

              In the Arab world, the arrival of this type of art was delayed, but it found favor and love in the Arab community. Today, this drawing is still widely used in expression, particularly political, and according to certain magazines, the first introducer of this type into our entourage is the journalist Yaqoub Sanoua Al-Masas from the comic journal specializing in cartoons, a Abu Naddara magazine, and from there other artists began to emerge and excel and became the best in this genre.

-The most famous and influential Arab painters in the art of caricature:

-Mohamed Al-Zawawi\

-Nader Jinni

- Salah Jaheen

-Hani Abbas

-Jalal Al-Rifai

- Mahmoud Kahil\

Learn more:

-Celtic art: definition, characteristics and history. Celtic art for creating logos, ornamental 

- What is metaphysical drawing? Its definition, explanation and relationship with surrealism

-Persian art and Iranian art, Persian painting, its development, history and 

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