The most famous women behind the success of the Bauhaus art movement, how women contributed to the Bauhaus art movement

The most famous women behind the success of the Bauhaus art movement, how women contributed to the Bauhaus art movement

Bauhaus art movement and its contribution to the liberation of women:

Walter Gropius founded the Bauhaus art movement in 1919 as a school of design and architecture. The art he created was heavily influenced by German Expressionism, which made him so groundbreaking for his time. The women who worked there were not only artists but also teachers and administrators. Many Bauhaus buildings are still standing today, including the Palaces of Weimar (now home to the German History Museum) and the Dessau School of Art. The success of the Bauhaus movement was due in part to the contributions of women, who were able to take advantage of opportunities that would otherwise be denied them because they were women.

It was not immediately clear how many female students would be enrolled in the school. Many women were excluded from higher education because they were not considered suitable candidates for a career as artists. In response to this problem, Gropius decided to create an all-female class at the Bauhaus school so that women could gain access to art training without being deliberately excluded from other classes.

The Bauhaus school trained women artists such as Marianne Brandt (1902-1997), Hannah Hoch (1897-1983), Lily Elbe (1898-1931) and Vieux Rotenberger (1901-1994). These women have different origins than their male counterparts. Some of them came from well-to-do families while others had less money but still wanted access to higher education whether they could afford it or not.

The most famous women behind the success of the Bauhaus art movement:

The Bauhaus movement was a time of great change for women in Germany. In 1919, German women obtained the right to vote, which had only been granted to men since 1871 and not granted to them until 1933. In addition, they had access to higher education: while many schools were still closed to women (or only admitting schoolgirls if they were married), some began offering courses specifically targeting female students in the 1920s.

This newfound freedom allowed women such as Margrethe Seliger (b. 1895) to study architecture at the Bauhaus school in Weimar with Gropius himself, and then to teach there as well. She became one of the first female architects in Germany after the end of World War II and continued her work until her death in 1988 at the age of 96.

first, women were not allowed to attend the school because it was located in Germany during World War II. However, once it became safe for women to re-enter after the end of the war, many took advantage of the opportunity by becoming teachers at the school or even enrolling in training courses there. -down ! Not only was the Bauhaus art movement an important part of 20th century art history, it was also an important part of the feminist movement. The Bauhaus school's emphasis on functionality and simplicity was a direct reaction to the excesses of Art Deco and Cubism, as well as other styles popular at the time.

The school's focus on careers has created businesses that are more accessible to ordinary people; They wanted to make functional and useful art. Additionally, the focus on simplicity meant that their pieces didn't have a lot of embellishments or embellishments, which made them much easier for anyone to enjoy. Additionally, many of their female students were able to enter artistic careers in ways that were not possible before their work gained wide acceptance through this movement.

How did women contribute to the Bauhaus art movement?

Among the women behind this movement was Mies van der Rohe, who designed furniture and was a teacher at the Bauhaus school. Käthe Kollwitz, who created paintings based on her experiences in World War I; Marianne Brant-Kahlin, who designed the tapestry designs; and Lise Meitner, who researched atomic energy. The Bauhaus had a strong emphasis on craftsmanship; Students learned to use tools such as knives and hammers to make objects such as bowls, vases, clocks, lamps, etc. They were also encouraged to experiment with different materials such as wood or metal to create new art forms that reflect their own ideas of what constitutes beauty or beauty itself (eg abstract paintings).

Women played an important role in this movement as artists and as teachers. It is estimated that around 40% of all Bauhaus teachers were women. The woman who started this movement was designer/artist Mies van der Rohe. He invited a number of prominent female architects to teach at his school for years after it closed. Other notable female architects include Charlotte Perriand and Marguerite Wildenhain.

Learn more:

- Bauhaus, what is the Bauhaus school and who is its founder? Characteristics of the Bauhaus art school?

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