Definition and characteristics of Moroccan calligraphy, Moroccan calligraphy its origin and history

Definition and characteristics of Moroccan calligraphy, Moroccan calligraphy its origin and history

Definition of Moroccan calligraphy:

Moroccan script refers to a group of interconnected Arabic scripts that developed in the Maghreb, Andalusia, and western Sudan. Moroccan calligraphy descends from the Kufic lineage, and it is written with a thick pen, so the line looks very balanced, and it is used in copying, notation, and decorative work. The lines have a distinctive character thanks to their curved shape. Moroccan calligraphy contains many types of strokes: vertical and horizontal; Qatari; Curved or straight, wide or narrow, long or short.

The first examples of this style date back to the 10th century. It has been used by many different cultures throughout history, most notably the Almoravids of Morocco (1062-1147), who ruled much of West Africa for most of their time on the continent (1269-1549). Moroccan calligraphy appeared in the 8th century and was later called al-Mahrasama ("Western" or "Western" calligraphy), as it was influenced by the Islamic civilization of the Arabian Peninsula. The Maghreb lineage owes its name to the first sovereign who unified these regions: Abd al-Rahman III (reign 754-788).

Moroccan calligraphy, its origin and history:

The first Moroccan line was created by the Berber tribes during the fall of Carthage in the 5th century BC. They were followed by other Berber tribes who continued to expand their territory into what is now southern France and northern Spain. The Maghrebi script is one of the oldest writing systems in the world and was used to write Arabic manuscripts throughout the Maghreb region. Writing was also used to write texts in Berber and Hebrew.

The history of Moroccan calligraphy begins with Kairouan, Fez and Cordoba. The paper mills in these towns were run by the Almoravids and Almohades, who ruled Morocco at different times. The Moroccan line extended from capitals such as Kairouan, Fez and Cordoba. Maghrebi writing has been used for centuries in the writing of Arabic manuscripts circulating in the Maghreb. History by historian Muhammad al-Mununi There were 104 paper mills in Fez during the reign of Yusuf ibn Tashfin during the reign of the Almoravids, and 400 paper mills during the reign of Sultan Yaqub al-Mansur during the reign of the Almohads .

Al-Hasan ibn Abdullah al-Saadi (868-934) and al-Muzaffar ibn Imad al-Dawla (873-941) produced the earliest examples of Moroccan Arabic script in the 9th century. The first written letters got their name from the fact that they were copied by the Arabs who lived in Morocco. It was in the first century BC that these ideas began to travel from Egypt to North Africa. They were also copied by the Berbers living in Andalusia (Spain).

The name comes from the fact that most of these lines were developed by Moroccan Muslims and their culture. These lines are often called "Thread of Gold" because they form an uninterrupted chain that extends from Andalusia (current Spain) through Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia, to Egypt, from name of its main center Fez, which was the capital of Morocco from the 11th century until 1912. They are known. The lines are also known as the 'Roads of Andalusia', in reference to when most of them were built.

Characteristics of the Moroccan line:

When you look at Moroccan calligraphy, you will see that it has a unique style. It's written in a beautiful nib and seems very well balanced. This type of calligraphy is used in copy or decorative works as well as in blogging works. Moroccan calligraphy is characterized by beautiful pen strokes and smooth curves. Calligraphers use a light touch on the paper to keep their work balanced and elegant. This model can be seen in many different applications

Maghrebian calligraphy was first developed in the 12th century by Ibn Rushd al-Baghdadi (also known as Averroes), born in Cordoba in 1198. He was an Islamic philosopher and physician who lived during the reign of the Almohads. He wrote on philosophy and religion, as well as medicine. Kufic script is written in a beautiful pen that looks very balanced on paper or wood. It is used to copy binders such as books or documents; write numbers write names decorate objects with calligraphy; Even write poetry

The Moroccan script descends from the Kufic script. Moroccan script is used to write Quranic verses. The Kufic script was developed in the 7th century by Ibn Muqla, a scholar born in Cordoba (now Spain). Create this script to write Quran in Arabic. The Kufic word means "to wrap" or "to fold", which refers to the way he rolled his words into shapes that fit the paper and is also used to decorate objects such as lamps and furniture. Moroccan calligraphy is distinguished by its elegant lines and pretty patterns. It can be seen in many places in Morocco: on walls, doors, ceilings... Calligraphy has been passed down from generation to generation of Moroccans since Antiquity. This art has been practiced for centuries in different regions of Morocco such as Fez and Meknes.

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