What is neorealism in art? The emergence and characteristics of new realism, neorealism in art

 What is neorealism in art? The emergence and characteristics of new realism, neorealism in art

The emergence of the new realism:

The term neorealism was coined by the Italian painter and art critic Giorgio de Chirico. Refers to a style of painting that uses simple, often rural settings and naturalistic figures. The movement was inspired by Dada and surrealism, but also by the works of other artists, including Matisse and Picasso. Neorealist paintings are often characterized by the use of light, shadow and color in a way that resembles nature itself. In addition to this aesthetic quality, they also tended to focus on themes such as the working class and landscape; So while these paintings are not "realistic" in the sense that they depict particular places or people exactly as they would see them in real life, they are more likely to reflect the artist's personal experiences with things external to painting that exist for him. others to see!

Neorealism is an artistic style popular in the 1920s and 1930s. It was a reaction against 19th-century classicism and the emphasis on form associated with Impressionism. The style was defined by its emphasis on real rather than idealized subjects: peasants, laborers, farmers, fishermen, factory workers, and children at play. Paintings are often done in a realistic style with flat lighting and simple colors. Neorealist works are characterized by their focus on everyday life and their use of everyday objects as symbols of something larger than themselves – for example, in "The Cornfield", Henri Matisse uses a field of wheat as a symbol of life itself (or perhaps just death). ).

It is often associated with the works of the Italian painter and sculptor Vittorio De Sica. In this style, artists focused on realistic depictions of everyday life. The movement was started by Giorgio de Chirico, who developed a new style of painting called metaphysical realism. He was influenced by the works of French Impressionism and German Expressionism, but rejected the emphasis on form and color in these styles as too abstract. Instead, he believed that reality was best represented through simple lines and shapes grounded in reality rather than abstract.

De Chirico's paintings were often dark and moody. He often painted his subjects at a distance so that they looked like silhouettes rather than complete figures and often depicted scenes from everyday life: trains passing through stations or factories running at night; Couples walking in the streets. The cats sleep on the windows. People buying bread from bakeries (which often featured prominently in his work).

Characteristics of neorealism:

Neorealism was characterized by its emphasis on realism, emphasizing naturalistic depictions of urban life and landscapes. Its practitioners sought to depict reality as they saw it rather than idealize or romanticize their subjects. Neorealism has been called "the most important movement in 20th century painting", and it's easy to see why: its style is recognizable even today, with its emphasis on flat colors, empty spaces and simple forms that convey emotion rather than abstraction. beauty.

It is distinguished by its focus on the daily lives of ordinary people and their struggles for survival, rather than on specific historical events or political movements. The term neorealist is often used interchangeably with "realism", which refers to any work of art attempting to depict life as it really is. It often depicts subjects such as factories, construction sites, or rural scenes with little embellishment or decoration. The goal is to capture what's happening in real time, rather than trying to make something look better than it really is. The name of the movement comes from the fact that realist artists believed that their work could only be truly understood in comparison with other works by the same artist or a group of artists who were also working in that style at the time .

New realism in art:

Neorealism refers to a style of painting that emphasizes realism. This is seen in many of Picasso's works, who often depicts scenes from his daily life in his paintings. In particular, he focused on depicting people in their natural surroundings, whether working in the fields or going about their daily lives – painting them in a realistic rather than idealized manner.

One of the most important aspects of neorealism is its emphasis on realism. Neorealists believe that art should represent reality as accurately as possible; They believed that this could only be achieved by using techniques based on real life rather than abstract thoughts or emotions. They also tended to use bright colors and bold brushstrokes in their works, as they believed these elements would make their paintings more accessible to an audience who might not be able to appreciate more subtle shades or tones. deaf.

The main goal of neorealist artists was to capture the essence of real life in all its chaotic chaos: the “materiality of reality,” as they called it. They believed this was what made their subjects lively and engaging.

Learn more:

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