The Art Nouveau movement and its characteristics, Art Nouveau, its history and its most famous pioneers

 The Art Nouveau movement and its characteristics, Art Nouveau, its history and its most famous pioneers

Definition of Art Nouveau:

The Art Nouveau movement is an international style of art, architecture, applied art, and especially decorative art that was most popular between 1890 and 1910. It focused almost exclusively on nature with the aim of finding a new style capable of representing the ideals of modern life. . Her name was coined by a French art critic who described her as a “new beauty”.

Nouveau means "new" in French and is used in English to refer to objects that represent a break from tradition in contrast to the more austere, geometric or classical styles that preceded them, notably the Art Deco movement.

The Art Nouveau movement was an international organization that promoted freedom, naturalism, love of craftsmanship, and beauty in all things art. The movement gained popularity in the 19th century, when Art Nouveau appeared in textiles, graphics, architecture, interior design and even furniture. Art Nouveau became one of the most important aesthetic movements in European art history, gaining influence in non-art contexts such as clothing and architecture.

Pioneers of the Art Nouveau school:

The Modern Art Movement has been a major artistic movement since the beginning of the 19th century. The works of artists such as Gustav Klimt, Oskar Kokoschka and Henri Matisse helped create a new style that rejected realistic forms and celebrated the organic nature of objects. The movement occurred in France, Belgium, the United States and Germany. The Art Nouveau movement was born in Western Europe, particularly in Paris and Brussels. Art Nouveau was closely associated with the artistic group known as the Brussels School, formed by Georges de la Tour, Louis de Traszars and Paul. He is unforgettably distinguished by the flowing lines and curved shapes of his creations. This style of design was extremely popular in the 1890s and early 1900s and was used in various decorative arts. The artistic movement began in France. The word new means new. The aim was to create an artistic style that was very contemporary and unlike any other period, with clean lines, lots of flower and plant motifs and a rejection of heavy Victorian ornamentation. The name “Art Nouveau” literally means “new art”, but it is a play on words on (new) youth carried by graphic design pioneers such as Victor Horta and Alphonse Mucha. A design movement originally inspired by the British Arts and Crafts movement and the philosophy of William Morris.

Art Nouveau trends:

The Art Nouveau movement was a reaction against the ornate geometric patterns of the previous generation. To create their pieces, the artists relied on natural materials such as wood, stone and glass to create clean, simple lines.

The products of the Art Nouveau period, named after the exhibition of French art held each year in Paris, had an astonishing influence on the arts of the 19th century. Artists and architects were inspired by the past and wanted to rediscover the techniques used in previous centuries. The manual skills and imagination of this movement produced a series of elegant, intertwining designs and flowing lines that were once again combined with craftsmanship and nature to create a style that forever changed the face of the design.

The Art Nouveau movement was a worldwide phenomenon, most active between 1890 and 1910. The name "Art Nouveau" was the French version of the German word "Jugendstil" which literally means "youth style". The term is more than a name, however. It refers to a particular approach to art characterized by organic forms as well as other qualities present in virtually all decorative arts of the period. The Art Nouveau movement was the result of a rebellion against the traditional values of academic art, notably its emphasis on drawing.

The most famous Art Nouveau artists:

Art Nouveau artists include Alphonse Mucha, Henri de Groux, Gustav Klimt, Felix Vallotton, Antoni Gaudi, Antonio Cecere, Edward Burne-Jones, Aubrey Beardsley, Louis Comfort Tiffany, Margaret Macdonald Mackintosh, Peter Carl Goldmark, Victor Hartmann, Jan Dunand and Constantin. Melnikov, Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Anatole Zhakovsky (1872-1922), Jean Delville (1872-1939), Sarah Bernhardt (1844-1923), Théophile Steinlen (1859-1923), Alphonse Mucha (1860-1939), Georges de Fiore ( 1871-1960) Hector Guimard (1867-1942)

The Art Nouveau movement remained popular throughout World War I. This art movement has its roots in the Victorian era and has certain characteristics that are now evident in Victorian art.

Art Nouveau in Budapest, designed by world-famous sculptor Victor Vasarely in 1965, fits into the neighborhood, making the buildings themselves part of the art. Buildings are an integral part of Art Nouveau design. The movement's popularity was short but intense, opening new possibilities for artists, designers, artisans and architects.

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