The principles of the Bauhaus school, its philosophy and its influence on art and design. The most famous Bauhaus artists

 The principles of the Bauhaus school, its philosophy and its influence on art and design. The most famous Bauhaus artists

The emergence of the Bauhaus school and style:

Bauhaus is a German word meaning “to build a house”. It is an idea that can be translated as “style” or “approach” and not just as a movement or an artistic school. The Bauhaus artistic movement is an art and furniture movement, founded in 1919 in Germany (Cologne). It combined new, functional crafts and materials with the socialist philosophy of fighting for social equality. It was also the first art movement of a new style to spread throughout Germany. Walter Gropius started it with Johannes Itten, although its philosophical origins can be traced back to Paul Klee, Wassily Kandinsky and the Deutscher Werkbund.

The Bauhaus art movement was a German art school based in Weimar from 1919 to 1923 and in Dessau from 1925 to 1932 with a second phase beginning in Dessau in 1932 and ending with its closure by the Nazis in 1933. It is considered one of the most influential art schools. international design schools. The Bauhaus school in Germany believes that art, craft and design should be taught together and given equal importance. The Bauhaus art movement was an influential school of art and design in Germany. As the first school of modern art, it had a major influence on architecture, interior design, industrial design, visual arts and printing. Bauhaus was a school that revolutionized the world of design by focusing on an approach to art and architecture, as well as products and furniture.

The Bauhaus is also an artistic, social, architectural and literary movement. It was founded by Walter Gropius in 1919 following the merger of the Weimar Association of Painters (Verein der Berliner Kunstfreunde) and the Circle of Creative Artists (Kreis) of Johannes Itten. The new Bauhaus style was progressive and specialized in a new form of art, design, architecture and art applied to the industrial sector. It is closely related to Japan in context as it is combined to be revolutionary modern with simple design concepts.

Founder of the Bauhaus school and most famous artists:

The Bauhaus was founded by Walter Gropius in 1919 in Weimar, Germany, as a professional school of fine arts and quickly grew to include crafts of all kinds. His goal was to synthesize art, craft and technology and create beautiful and practical objects for modern life. Compression is a key feature of many Bauhaus pieces using flat planes, brass forms and geometric shapes. Bauhaus artists such as Mies van der Rohe, Josef Albers and Le Corbusier mastered this technique and it was the first modern art school in history. Founder Walter Gropius had a clear opinion: “The artist must be an engineer”. By this he meant that the artist must be able to take care of himself and of something other than his art.

In the early 1900s, design pioneers Anni Albers, Marcel Breuer, Herbert Bayer, Walter Gropius, and László Moholy-Nagy created art while living out their lives in Germany before fleeing to new homes in America. The Bauhaus (building school) emphasized functions and functions that could be reproduced on a small scale. Minimalist style is a simple, no-nonsense approach to beauty.

The Bauhaus art movement was an attempt to reform traditional artistic approaches to focus on new ideas and methods, as well as a new approach to creating art. The goal was to create a school with a curriculum based entirely on design and art, something many at the time thought impossible. This innovative movement included all levels of the arts: applied arts, painting, sculpture, architecture and theory. The Bauhaus art movement is more than just an art school; It was philosophy, ethics and style. The movement lasted only 14 years but had a major influence on art, architecture, interior design and advertising throughout the 20th century.

The Bauhaus art movement began shortly after World War I and became a highly influential art movement characterized by simple geometric shapes, asymmetry, and functionality. The Weimar School in Germany was a popular branch of the Bauhaus that discussed the theory of form versus function. With these ideals, an attempt was made to develop an art accessible to all, and not just to wealthy collectors like many post-impressionist artists.

The Bauhaus art movement is an extension of the Art Nouveau style. The name is German for "to build a house". The Bauhaus was founded by a group of artists who wanted to return to the fundamentals of art; Clear any decoration, just show the shape. Bauhaus artists believed that art could improve the world and create better things than man could create himself.

Principles of the Bauhaus school:

Bauhaus practitioners primarily focused on industrial design, fine art, printing, exhibition design, and architecture. The name probably derives from the school's location in Weimar, Germany (the German word Bauhaus translates to "to build a house"), although it may also refer to the admiration of the architect Walter Gropius for the work of Spanish architect Antonio Gaudi (whose distinctive style Gropius known). Due to his residence in Spain during his youth.) Bauhaus was an artistic movement that focused on simplifying the creative process while improving its products through clean, simple designs. Although much of their work was controversial at the time, it has since been recognized as a major achievement of the modernist period. The main aim of the school was to emphasize that artists are capable of doing anything using their skills, craftsmanship and knowledge.

The Bauhaus art movement was born from the idea that everything around us was created by man. The aim was to return design and architecture to the roots of craft tradition, where pride in craftsmanship and process was valued. The emphasis on the use of industrial materials and modern techniques evolved into a popular style that spread from Europe throughout the world, but still retains its values through each generation of designers.

Art is a method of individual expression, using materials in a crude manner and emphasizing the "big idea" rather than the finer, tinier details. The Bauhaus art school of the 1920s accurately reflected this attitude and encouraged artists to use source materials directly, without modification. Although this movement began in Germany, it has had lasting effects on all areas of design,

The mission of the Bauhaus was to create a new type of thinking among artists and a new philosophy, which would enable people to better understand the world and contribute more to it. The Bauhaus art movement is still alive today.

Learn more:

- The most famous artists of the Bauhaus school, the most important pioneers of the Ba

- Bauhaus Architecture, An In-Depth Look at Bauhaus Building Styles

- What is an influential Memphis design style? Memphis style and its characteristics

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