Principles of Fine Art, Understanding Principles of Design in Art, Basics of Fine Art

 Principles of Fine Art, Understanding Principles of Design in Art, Basics of Fine Art

a definition

Before understanding what the principles of art are, we must first understand what we mean by artistic principles, which are the bases or rules that the artist follows to achieve a composition, whether it is graphic or colored, in a simplified way. These are pillars that are present in any artistic work, but the methods of their application differ, which allows us to understand how the artist achieved his work, and they are the same. It is used to analyze works of art and how to apply them next. It is difficult to explain in words the principles of art, and you may get confused with a lot of things here, and to make the explanation easier, there are several people who confuse artistic terms, which makes their meanings overlap, and over time they lose their correct meaning. Well, what you need to understand here is that in fine art we have two important terms, the elements of art, which are color - shape - space - texture - pattern - value - line, which are seven in number, and they are far from the principles of art, which we will discover in this article. This introduction was necessary so that things don't get mixed up, especially since this is a common mistake.

Principles of Fine Arts:

Balance: The expression comes from the weight of the visual elements of the composition (the composition in the painting), and there are different types of balance: symmetrical, asymmetrical and radial balance. By symmetrical here we mean that one side mirrors the other, and by non-symmetrical we mean that the two sides have one or more different subjects. What is meant by radial balance? Visual elements are placed evenly around a central point in the composition.

Contrast and Emphasis: This is a group of factors that influence the composition to make it more understandable and focused. It is what determines the positions of the different elements and gives them depth and a three-dimensional composition through the strategic use of contrast, which There are several types of shape, space or color, and it is the more commonly used. Accent refers to the central point of the composition.

Proportion: Proportion refers to how the parts of the object in the composition relate to each other. Well fitted and proportioned, it must have coordinated visual effects and effects

Movement and Rhythm: Creating rhythm, whether linear or colorful, based on the rhythmic arrangement of the elements of the art and the strategy the artist uses to direct the recipient's gaze toward the focal point or center point. It is a method used to create a feeling of dynamism. These can be coordinated colors or various lines that create a resemblance to movement in Genesis

Diversity: This is basically a diversification of different elements of the artistic composition. It provides continuous contrast, which creates interest and stimulates the recipient's feelings and expression. However, different diversity can cause boredom and confusion in the artistic sense and a contradiction between the beauty of the composition and the narrative. Diversity must be chosen in a balanced way.

Unity and harmony: These are two questions that need to be answered: do all the visual elements complement each other? Are there any distorted visual elements? Harmony is how the elements of art are used simultaneously, while unity relates to the overall compositional interconnection.

Scale: This is the size of the object within the composition relative to all other objects, i.e. comparing the body to a building, for example

The principles of drawing depend on using the elements of art to create scale, unity, harmony, rhythm, proportion, contrast and balance, and it is not necessary that all be used in an array, because they are always present in an array. majority.

Learn more:

- Why is there art? For what purposes did humans create fine arts?

-What is the importance of art in society? What do the fine arts offer to society?

- What are the functions of art? What are the functions of art that we need to know?

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