What is op art? Definition of visual art, op art and its types, optical illusion art

 What is op art? Definition of visual art, op art and its types, optical illusion art

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Op art is a term coined by Time magazine in 1965, an abbreviation of the word optical art. Optical art is a form of abstract art and kinetic art, particularly non-objective art. Optical art, also called grid art, is a style that relies on optical illusions to trick the viewer's eye by using multiple non-objective geometric shapes. When drawing a representation, the artist takes into consideration the fact that it deceives the viewer and creates the illusion that the drawn shapes are making blinking, shaking or twisting movements. ..

Op Art began in black and white and was a style based on the proper use of positivity and negativity. Among the most prominent religious artists who first introduced us to visual art are kinetic artist Victor Vasarely and painter Bridget Riley. One of the most important exhibitions that made this style known was the Responsive Eye exhibition in 1965 and its results. To the amazement of the public and the success of the exhibition, the op art style began to spread in several fields, such as advertisements, printed graphics, fashion and decorations... Unfortunately, at the end of the 60s, the Interest in this style declined.

How Opart works:

Creating an illusion through drawings requires certain patterns that cause confusion between the retina and the brain, which are responsible for seeing and interpreting the artwork. To create an illusion, the artist must trick the eye, causing the mind to misinterpret what it sees. , giving it the illusion that the lines or colors have movement and it is not easy to manipulate. With visual perception, the artist must be professional in the use of depth and perspective to be able to create a deceptive illusion and choose good color combinations.

The artists attempted to use complex and contradictory visual spaces by using the checkerboard pattern and manipulating it, using the two colors black and white. Using colors, then using the juxtaposition of complementary colors (chromatic opposites) of equal intensity, or what is called as a method of creating color tension. Both methods aim to prevent the viewer's eye from remaining on any part of the surface long enough for the mind to make incorrect interpretations.

Pioneers of Op Art:

   Victor Vasarely is considered one of the greatest pioneers of Op Art and is famous for his easily reproducible black and white paintings known to be a mix between abstract art and a kind of international folklore and architectural forms with the aim of dazzling. the eye of the beholder and an art closer to science.

British artist Bridget Riley, unlike Victor Vasarely, whose drawings were based on precise calculations and mathematics, Riley's approach to op art is simpler and often attempts to hide geometric structure through effects geometric.

Among the most famous op art painters:

  • Yaacov Agam
  • Richard Allen
  • Getulio Alviani
  • Joseph Albers
  • Carlos Cruz
  • Tony Delap
  • John Mchale
  • Julio the park

The spread of op art dates back to the Responsive Eye exhibition, organized in 1965 at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, with a group of works by the most famous pioneers, including Vasarely and Reilly. this artistic style. The exhibition was very successful and popular, as it was the first exhibition to showcase the illusion of art. Movement and interaction of colorful relationships. The strange thing is that this success came without any significant support from critics.

Learn more:

- Types of modern art and its sections types of modern art

- Types of street art, street art and its characteristics, street art

- What are the types of drawing techniques? What are the artistic techniques?

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