The history of the art of screen printing, the pioneers of screen printing and the methods of its implementation

 The history of the art of screen printing, the pioneers of screen printing and the methods of its implementation

presentation :

Screen printing is one of the types of art considered modern, as its development and artistic use dates back to the 1900s, then its adoption for advertising before being adopted by American pop heritage artists such as Andre Warhol and Robert Rauschenberg, and it was a style that conformed to the inherited pop style, whether achieving bright, bold colors and rapid execution, screen printing became one of the most popular types of post-modern art widespread at the time.

Screen printing date:

The first appearance of screen printing in Chinese civilization dates back specifically to the Song Dynasty, between 960 and 1279. However, it was done in a primitive manner and did not produce good results. The approach and method were followed from time immemorial until their diffusion in Europe. in the 18th century, but it did not experience development or good exploitation. Until screen prints were offered commercially in the 19th century, in 1907, then silk was added, which resulted in greater efficiency, but the emergence of screen printing as we know it today Today dates back to Samuel Simon, who patented screen printing in England, although the invention is old and has not been modified either. Wooden molds or other shapes became more widely used by many artists.

The name screen printing comes from the name of the fabric used and the type of fabric that is then stretched tightly over the wooden frame, which was often made of silk. It later evolved into a cotton, nylon, or nylon screen. polyester, and the color is then pushed through the screen with a rubber blade called a squeegee.

How to implement screen printing:

Screen printing is implemented by first creating the screen by stretching the fabric (silk, cotton, etc.) over a wooden frame, which pumps ink into the holes in the screen to transfer it to the surface of the screen. drawing, whether T-shaped or T-shaped. shirts, posters or paintings. After preparing the printer, the drawing slide arrives, preparing the stencils according to the drawing on special or ordinary paper or plastic, then empties it to let the ink pass in some places and prevent it in others locations. Then attach the stencils to the printer by adding color or waterproof insulators, making them negative areas where the ink won't come through, of course. Then create more than one stencil to add details. It was in the past. Preparation of stencils by means of drawing, but today they can be formed using computer programs such as Adobe Illustrator, while the newest and most accessible stencils are drawings on tracing paper, or what We call positive film, drawings which have very high precision down to the smallest details, but this requires professional tools.

The most famous screen printing artists:

Andy Warhol with his Triple Elvis screen prints and Marilyn Monroe prints

Robert Rauschenberg

Richard Estes: My father was known for his extreme realism, using over 80 screens in a single work

The most expensive work printed and sold to date was a work by André Warhol for $100 million by an anonymous buyer in a private sale.

Screen printing has become famous in recent times on fabrics, particularly in the field of fashion, and its integration into pop heritage has become strongly emphasized by designers, especially with technological progress. Today it is considered one of the most professional methods for drawing on fabrics and is capable of achieving high quality.

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