Persian art and Iranian art, Persian painting, its development, history and origins

 Persian art and Iranian art, Persian painting, its development, history and origins

identification  :

As one of the oldest, richest, and most influential arts used by man, we find Persian art at the top of the list with a large group of art forms, whether painting, sculpture, weaving, architecture, metals, pottery, and many others. The Persian region, or the Persian Empire, which today constitutes Iran, previously extended over the east and north of the Arabian Peninsula, Iraq and Egypt to northern Greece and Central Asia, and it was the largest empire that ruled the region before the Islamic era.

Persian art and its history:

One of the largest empires that ruled the world, leaving one of the longest history that arose in the world of art. The beginning, as chronicled, was inspired by ancient civilizations or those conquered by the empire, such as Mesopotamia, which is ancient Iraq. Persian art continued to draw inspiration from its conquests, and it had a rich cultural history that began with development. With the expansionist successes, the art was learning over the decades, and this is evident in the works that were created at that time and which were founded by Emperor Cyrus I.

Being one of the oldest countries in the world, Persia was at that time more developed than any other countries, especially artistically. It was one of the first to introduce difficult industries to its artistic works, such as ceramics and bronze objects, with unique and difficult methods of execution. It also acquired huge experience from various civilizations throughout the period of its control, and was influenced by art. Persian, Sumerian, Greek art, and Chinese art, the latter being the most influential, especially in miniatures, which is a special art consisting of small illustrative drawings, whether illustrating a work of art or a book. Persian miniatures include some of the most important paintings of Persia.

 Because of the artistic mixture present in Persian works, from a mixture of Persian traditions with Greek and Roman art and others, it makes it the most rich art in different artistic cultures, concepts, and influences. But what distinguishes this artistic cultural mixture is the Persian Empire’s endeavor to translate, understand, and use every external artistic influence. In ways that suit Persian works without dispensing with Persian traditions, where artistic drawings revered males and gave importance to animals.

Until Islam began to form the dominant religion in Persia, which made Islamic art dominate all types of arts, so animals began to be immortalized on a smaller scale and replaced with plants and decoration. Despite this, Persian art did not succeed in surviving, but the percentage of art remaining today is very small compared to what was created then. At that time, even the architecture was no longer there, and all its witnesses were demolished buildings or graves

The characteristics of Persian architecture were very strong. Like Greek architecture, Persian in turn relied on columns. However, they were more ornate and had a special upper design. It was called the capital of animals. Despite the influences taken from Greek and Roman sculpture, Persian architecture remains to have influences on future cultures.

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