What is origami? Its definition and characteristics, the Japanese art of paper folding and its implementation methods

 What is origami? Its definition and characteristics, the Japanese art of paper folding and its implementation methods

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Origami is a double Japanese word, ori meaning folding, and gami meaning paper. It is an old term which brings together all the religious and cultural activities which were at the time in the process of being exhausted, whether it be paper folding or karigami, the folding and cutting of paper to offer. to the gods or ancestors, and it is a method that has been passed down from generation to generation, whether in Japan, which has a festive memory, or in China where folded papers are burned as an expression of sacrifice

The concept of paper folding then spread to Europe and was known for greater modernization and exploitation, whether in its inclusion in daily life, such as cardboard boxes or paper protectors, and in many numerous industrial uses in various fields. This evolution aimed to bring origami back into an updated artistic form since the end of the 20th century, and the development of folding techniques such as square braids and new tools such as square or colored papers

Origami techniques:

 The first way to learn origami depends on learning a group of folds that you will rely on completely, such as reverse folds, valley folds, pumpkin folds, and many types of folding. to build many shapes. You can also look carefully at the origami which gives you the basic folds and at the same time the steps, or search Pinterest for implementation instructions and you will find hundreds of shapes that you can practice.

Choosing the right paper is one of the most important factors for successful craftsmanship. You need paper with precise and sometimes consistent dimensions. It is also able to withstand a large group of folds, and at the same time it is flexible, thin. , and compressible. You have to fold it several times and move it in different directions. You can use plain paper weighing 90 to 70 grams, or use colored papers, watercolor papers weighing 100 grams, or paper covered with aluminum foil.

Types of origami differ depending on the method of implementation and the final form. There is mobile origami, whether by factors such as flying paper airplanes or moving them by hand. Multilateral origami is what is formed with a separate group of paper and is assembled by folding to form a larger shape. Kirigami, which is a term that means cutting paper and has a band. Among the types, in turn, including paper folding and cutting. Here the artist gets more freedom to cut the paper as it is folded to form a similar space decoration, whether on two sides of the paper or on four or more. Origami and kiragami are among the most famous methods of paper art.

 Origami is one of the skills that anyone can learn, and it is not limited to a certain age, but it is more complicated than it seems. To create a new figure, it can take artists a long period of calculations and geometric drawings just to create the geometric basis of the shape and hundreds of attempts to find the appropriate folds. It is an art that requires application and practicality. At the same time, finding and applying the initial creases is the most important thing. As for the smaller or aesthetic folds, they are complementary and you can do without them and add your own touch.

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