What is the surrealist school? Surrealism in plastic art, its origins and objectives

 What is the surrealist school? Surrealism in plastic art, its origins and objectives

a definition :

Surrealism is an artistic movement that entered the art world in the mid-twenties of the last century. It was founded by André Breton, poet, writer and novelist. His writings include the first surrealist declaration in 1924. His definition of surrealism was that it was a spontaneous and pure psychological movement. Surrealism became an official artistic movement which became a political movement. And philosophical and social

Surrealism was different from everything at that time, whether intellectually, politically or artistically. It went against social rules and customs and the dominant artistic vision of the time. Official surrealism brought new concepts, whether in terms of the idea proposed or the technique implemented. She was unfamiliar and irrational. The fame of artistic works was far from all that was. Realistic and real, it was closer to a dream with superimposed drawings, or it was free and unbridled drawing, which was the opposite of the art schools at that time.

The Parsi poet André Breton defined surrealism as follows, and the text is taken from one of his writings: "Let us not lose sight of the fact that the idea of surrealism simply aims at the complete recovery of our psychic power by a means that is not is nothing other than a dizzying descent into ourselves, the systematic illumination of hidden places and a progressive darkness.

Surrealist methods and techniques:

Surrealist paintings have more concepts than aesthetics, brushstroke method and hidden messages. Rather, it is the philosophy that inspired the use of techniques to express the artistic work and enable it to achieve its goals. Surrealism aims to take things out of the normal conditions that we expect to see and put them into a different vision and out of the ordinary. Surrealism An art freer of expression than any other type of art

 La Peinture was the first official exhibition in which surrealist works were presented. My father was in Paris in 1925, and it included the works of Man Ray, Paul Klee and Pablo Picasso. Paris was the stronghold of Surrealism's origins, and it soon invaded Surrealist art was known to flourish in the United States because Surrealist artists had fled there. The public and critics did not fully accept the theses of surrealist art, which pushed artists to seek another audience. However, it quickly spread throughout the United States and influenced artists to accept surrealism as a school of art.

Although surrealist art has a wonderful beauty created by the mixture of themes, it is a style that also depends on the feelings and touch of the recipient. Much more than that, it touches deeper aspects of humanity, such as the subconscious, irrationality. , and others difficult to touch, or even impossible to touch, in other artistic schools. On the contrary, they go beyond plastic art to literature, sculpture and cinema, and because of this, he then dealt with subjects that were forbidden before him

Surrealism, like any other school, had prominent artists such as:

-Salvador Dali

-  Pablo Picasso

-Joan Miró

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